Bhutan

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Bhutan

Bhutan acceded to the Convention on 18 August 2005, and the Convention entered into force for Bhutan on 1 February 2006. 

Obligations under the Convention

On 29 May 2007, Bhutan submitted its initial transparency report in which it indicated that it did not have any stockpiled anti-personnel mines under its ownership or possession or under its jurisdiction or control.

Notwithstanding the obligation to destroy all stockpiled anti-personnel mines, the Convention permits the retention of the minimum number of anti-personnel mines absolutely necessary for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance, or mine destruction techniques.

As of 2018, Bhutan reported having retained 211 anti-personnel mines for these permitted purposes. These mines are used for all officers and troops to be given basic and specialized training in mine clearance and the removal of improvised explosive devices.

In its initial transparency report submitted Bhutna reported that it had no stockpiled anti-personnel mines under its ownership or possession.

In its initial transparency report, Bhutan indicated that there were areas under its jurisdiction or control in which anti-personnel mines are known or suspected to be emplaced.

In accordance with Article 5 of the Convention, Bhutan undertook to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in these areas as soon as possible but not later than 1 February 2016.

At the 2013 Meeting of the Standing Committee on Mine Clearance, Bhutan announced it had completed its mine clearance operations.

Bhutan tabled a formal Declaration of Completion at the Thirteenth Meeting of the States Parties, later that same year.

Annually and no later than 30 April, each State Party is to update information covering the previous calendar year. The latest Article 7 reports for this State Party can be found on this page.

Each State Party is to take all appropriate legal, administrative and other measures, including the imposition of penal sanctions, to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control.

Bhutan has reported having established national implementation measures or that it considers existing legislation to be sufficient. 

Bhutan declares itself free of landmines

At the 13MSP, H.E. Dawa Penjo, Ambassador of Bhutan to the UN in Geneva declared that Bhutan had fulfilled its obligation under Article 5 of the Convention. 

Bhutan began clearing mine fields even before joining the Convention. In 2005, Bhutan’s armed forces cleared a 30,000 square metre minefield in Zhemgang District. In addition, in 2010, Bhutan continued mine clearance in the Samdrup Jongkhar District. These lands were subsequently declared fit for normal human activity.

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