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Yemen

Yemen signed the Convention on 4 December 1997, ratified it on 1 September 1998, with the Convention entering into force for Yemen on 1 March 1999.

Obligations under the Convention

In its initial transparency report submitted in November of 1999, Yemen reported stockpiled anti-personnel mines under its ownership or possession or under its jurisdiction or control.

Notwithstanding the obligation to destroy all stockpiled anti-personnel mines, the Convention permits the retention of the minimum number of anti-personnel mines absolutely necessary for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance, or mine destruction techniques.

As of 2017, Yemen had reported having retained 3,760 anti-personnel mines for these permitted purposes. Due to the complex environment in Yemen, there is no plan for further training under Article3. 

In its initial transparency report submitted in November of 1999, Yemen reported stockpiled anti-personnel mines under its ownership or possession or under its jurisdiction or control.

In its transparency report submitted in 30 March 2005, Yemen reported that it had completed the destruction of all stockpiled anti-personnel mines. 

In total, Yemen reported having destroyed 78,000 mines.

In its initial transparency report, Yemen reported areas under its jurisdiction or control in which anti-personnel mines are known or suspected to be emplaced.

In accordance with Article 5 of the Convention, Yemen undertook to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in these areas as soon as possible but not later than 1 March 2009.

On 7 April 2008, Yemen submitted a request to extend its mine clearance deadline. The request was granted at the Ninth Meeting of the States Parties and a new deadline set for 1 March 2015.

On 17 December 2013, Yemen submitted a second request to extend its mine clearance deadline. The request was granted at the Third Review Conference and a new deadline set for 1 March 2020.

On 28 March 2019, Yemen submitted a third request to extend its mine clearance deadline. The request was granted at the Fourth Review Conference of the States Parties, Oslo, Norway, and a new deadline set for 1 March 2023.

On 29 March 2022, Yemen submitted its fourth mine clearance extension request. The request will be considered at the Twentieth Meeting of the States Parties.

Article 5 Extension Request Proces

Yemen has indicated having significant numbers – hundreds or thousands – of landmine survivors.

Yemen is also a State Party to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Annually and no later than 30 April, each State Party is to update information covering the previous calendar year. The latest Article 7 reports for this State Party can be found on this page. 

According to Article 8.1 as it relates to facilitation and clarification of compliance, "the States Parties agree to consult and cooperate with each other regarding the implementation of the provisions of this Convention, and to work together in a spirit of cooperation to facilitate compliance by States Parties with their obligations under this Convention."

With regard to the breach of the Convention in “Wadi Bani Jarmouz” in Yemen, the Convention’s 2013 Thirteenth Meeting of the States Parties expressed its appreciation of the Government of Yemen’s Official Communiqué of 17 November 2013 outlining the seriousness of the situation, Yemen’s renewed commitment towards all aspects of the Convention and its commitment to investigate and take necessary action.

In this regard, the Meeting warmly welcomed the commitment of Yemen to provide to the States Parties, through the President, an interim report by 31 March 2014, and a final report by 31 December 2014, on

  • (a) the status and outcomes of Yemen’s investigation,
  • (b) the identification of those responsible for deploying anti-personnel mines, and subsequent measures taken,
  • (c) information on the source of the anti-personnel mines and how those mines were obtained, particularly given that Yemen had long ago reported the destruction of all stockpiles,
  • (d) the destruction of any additional stocks discovered and the clearance of the mined areas in question, and
  • (e) action to prevent and suppress any possible future prohibited activities undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control.

On 15 January 2015, Yemen submitted a report on measures taken with respect to the above-mentioned breach of the Convention.

Article 9 of the Convention states that “each State Party shall take all appropriate legal, administrative and other measures, including the imposition of penal sanctions, to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control.”

Yemen has reported having established national implementation measures or that it considers existing legislation to be sufficient. 

 Click to view, download photos of Yemen during Convention-related activities on Flickr.

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