Ecuador signed the Convention on 4 December 1997, ratified it on 29 April 1999, with the Convention entering into force for Ecuador on 1 October 1999.
In its initial transparency report submitted on 29 March 2000, Ecuador reported stockpiled anti-personnel mines under its ownership or possession or under its jurisdiction or control.
Notwithstanding the general obligations under Article 1, the retention or transfer of a number of anti-personnel mines for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance, or mine destruction techniques is permitted.The amount of such mines shall not exceed the minimum number absolutely necessary for the above-mentioned purposes.
As of 2020, Ecuador has reported having retained 90 anti-personnel mines for these permitted purposes. In addition, Ecuador has reported that it intends to use 10 anti-personal mines each year in training and for potential research.
In its initial transparency report, Ecuador reported stockpiled anti-personnel mines under its ownership or possession or under its jurisdiction or control.
In 2007, Ecuador reported that it had completed the destruction of all stockpiled anti-personnel mines.
In total, Ecuador reported having destroyed 263,273 mines.
In its initial transparency report, Ecuador reported areas under its jurisdiction or control in which anti-personnel mines were known or suspected to be emplaced.
In accordance with Article 5 of the Convention, Ecuador undertook to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in these areas as soon as possible but not later than 1 October 2009.
On 31 March 2008, Ecuador submitted a request to extend this deadline. The request was granted at the Ninth Meeting of the States Parties and a new deadline set for 1 October 2017.
On 28 November 2016, Ecuador submitted a second request to extend its mine clearance deadline. The request was granted at the Fifteenth Meeting of the States Parties and a new deadline set for 31 December 2017.
On 31 March 2017, Ecuador submitted a third request to extend its mine clearance deadline. The request was granted at the Sixteenth Meeting of the States Parties, Vienna, Austria, and a new deadline set for 31 December 2022.
On 31 March 2022, Ecuador submitted a fourth request for extension of its mine clearance deadline. The request was granted by the Twentieth Meeting of the States Parties in November 2022, and a new deadline set for 31 December 2025.
On 9 May 2019, Ecuador acted upon the decisions of the Sixteenth Meeting of the States Parties by submitting an updated work plan for the implementation of Article 5 of the Convention.
Article 6 of the Convention indicates that “Each State Party in a position to do so shall provide assistance for mine clearance and related activities […], the care and rehabilitation, and social and economic reintegration, of mine victims and for mine awareness programs […], the destruction of stockpiled anti-personnel mines, […] with a view to ensuring the full and prompt implementation of agreed assistance programs.”
In this regard Ecuador and Peru routinely engage in such cooperation and assistance. The latest statement on Article 6 for this State Party can be found on this page.
Annually and no later than 30 April, each State Party is to update information covering the previous calendar year. The latest Article 7 reports for this State Party can be found on this page.
Article 9 of the Convention states that “each State Party shall take all appropriate legal, administrative and other measures, including the imposition of penal sanctions, to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control.”
Ecuador is still required to report on established national implementation measures or whether it considers existing legislation to be sufficient.
View, download snapshots of Ecuador during Convention-related activities on Flickr.
- 20MSP 9 Ecuador Art5 Ext Req Informal Presentation22 November 2022English
- IM22 Observations Art5 Ecuador14 June 2022English
- 17MSP 9bi Art5 Ecuador29 November 2018English
- 16MSP 09 Art5 Extension Submitted Ecuador18 December 2017Español
- IM17 03 Article 5 Ecuador8 June 2017English
- IM16 3 Ecuador Art519 May 2016Español