Membership

To date there are

164

States that have formally agreed to be bound by the Convention. Find below the list of States Parties with dates of formal signature of the Convention (when applicable), formal acceptance (adherence or ratification), and entry into force for each particular State Party.  Each State has a dedicated page with information concerning the Convention process and obligations.

State Party Signed Ratified or acceded Entered into force
Afghanistan11 September 20021 March 2003
Albania8 September 199829 February 20001 August 2000
Algeria3 December 19979 October 20011 April 2002
Andorra3 December 199729 June 19981 March 1999
Angola4 December 19975 July 20021 January 2003
Antigua and Barbuda3 December 19973 May 19991 November 1999
Argentina4 December 199714 September 19991 March 2000
Australia3 December 199714 January 19991 July 1999
Austria3 December 199729 June 19981 March 1999
Bahamas3 December 199731 July 19981 March 1999
Bangladesh7 May 19986 September 20001 March 2001
Barbados3 December 199726 January 19991 July 1999
Belarus3 September 20031 March 2004
Belgium3 December 19974 September 19981 March 1999
Belize27 February 199823 April 19981 March 1999
Benin3 December 199723 April 19981 March 1999
Bhutan18 August 20051 February 2006
Bolivia3 December 19979 June 19981 March 1999
Bosnia and Herzegovina3 December 19978 September 19981 March 1999
Botswana3 December 19971 March 20001 September 2000
Brazil3 December 199730 April 19991 October 1999
Brunei Darussalam4 December 199724 April 20061 October 2006
Bulgaria3 December 19974 September 19981 March 1999
Burkina Faso3 December 199716 September 19981 March 1999
Burundi3 December 199722 October 20031 April 2004
Cabo Verde4 December 199714 May 20011 November 2001
Cambodia3 December 199728 July 19991 January 2000
Cameroon3 December 199719 September 20021 March 2003
Canada3 December 19973 December 19971 March 1999
Central African Republic8 November 20021 May 2003
Chad6 July 19986 May 19991 November 1999
Chile3 December 199710 September 20011 March 2002
Colombia3 December 19976 September 20001 March 2001
Comoros19 September 20021 March 2003
Congo, Republic of4 May 20011 November 2001
Cook Islands3 December 199715 March 20061 September 2006
Costa Rica3 December 199717 March 19991 September 1999
Côte d'Ivoire3 December 199730 June 20001 December 2000
Croatia4 December 199720 May 19981 March 1999
Cyprus4 December 199717 January 20031 July 2003
Czech Republic3 December 199726 October 19991 April 2000
Democratic Republic of the Congo2 May 20021 November 2002
Denmark4 December 19978 June 19981 March 1999
Djibouti3 December 199718 May 19981 March 1999
Dominica3 December 199726 March 19991 September 1999
Dominican Republic3 December 199730 June 20001 December 2000
Ecuador4 December 199729 April 19991 October 1999
El Salvador4 December 199727 January 19991 July 1999
Equatorial Guinea16 September 19981 March 1999
Eritrea27 August 20011 February 2002
Estonia12 May 20041 November 2004
Eswatini4 December 199722 December 19981 June 1999
Ethiopia17 December 20041 June 2005
Fiji3 December 199710 June 19981 March 1999
Finland9 January 20121 July 2012
France3 December 199723 July 19981 March 1999
Gabon3 December 19978 September 20001 March 2001
Gambia4 December 199723 September 20021 March 2003
Germany3 December 199723 July 19981 March 1998
Ghana4 December 199730 June 20001 June 2000
Greece3 December 199725 September 20031 March 2004
Grenada3 December 199719 August 19981 March 1999
Guatemala3 December 199726 March 19991 September 1999
Guinea4 December 19978 October 19981 April 1999
Guinea-Bissau3 December 199722 May 20011 November 2001
Guyana4 December 19975 August 20031 February 2004
Haiti3 December 199715 February 20061 August 2006
Holy See4 December 199717 February 19981 March 1999
Honduras3 December 199724 September 19981 March 1999
Hungary3 December 19976 April 19981 March 1999
Iceland4 December 19975 May 19991 November 1999
Indonesia4 December 199716 February 20071 August 2007
Iraq15 August 20071 February 2008
Ireland3 December 19973 December 19971 March 1999
Italy3 December 199723 April 19991 October 1999
Jamaica3 December 199717 July 19981 March 1999
Japan3 December 199730 September 19981 March 1999
Jordan11 August 199813 November 19981 March 1999
Kenya5 December 199723 January 20011 July 2001
Kiribati7 September 20001 March 2001
Kuwait30 July 20071 January 2008
Latvia1 July 20051 January 2006
Lesotho4 December 19972 December 19981 June 1999
Liberia23 December 19991 June 2000
Liechtenstein3 December 19975 October 19991 April 2000
Lithuania26 February 199912 May 20031 November 2003
Luxembourg4 December 199714 June 19991 December 1999
Madagascar4 December 199716 September 19991 March 2000
Malawi4 December 199713 August 19981 March 1999
Malaysia3 December 199722 April 19991 October 1999
Maldives1 October 19987 September 20001 March 2001
Mali3 December 19972 June 19981 March 1999
Malta4 December 19977 May 20011 November 2001
Mauritania3 December 199721 July 20001 January 2001
Mauritius3 December 19973 December 19971 March 1999
Mexico3 December 19979 June 19981 March 1999
Moldova, Republic of3 December 19978 September 20001 March 2001
Monaco4 December 199717 November 19981 May 1999
Montenegro23 October 20061 April 2007
Mozambique3 December 199725 August 19981 March 1999
Namibia3 December 199721 September 19981 March 1999
Nauru7 August 20001 February 2001
Netherlands3 December 199712 April 19991 October 1999
New Zealand3 December 199727 January 19991 July 1999
Nicaragua4 December 199730 November 19981 May 1999
Niger4 December 199723 March 19991 September 1999
Nigeria27 September 20011 March 2002
Niue3 December 199715 April 19981 March 1999
North Macedonia9 September 19981 March 1999
Norway3 December 19979 July 19981 March 1999
Oman20 August 20141 February 2015
Palau18 November 20071 May 2008
Palestine, State of29 December 20171 June 2018
Panama4 December 19977 October 19981 April 1999
Papua New Guinea28 June 20041 December 2004
Paraguay3 December 199728 June 20041 December 2004
Peru3 December 199717 May 19981 March 1999
Philippines3 December 199715 February 20001 August 2000
Poland4 December 199727 December 20121 June 2013
Portugal3 December 199719 February 19991 August 1999
Qatar4 December 199713 October 19981 April 1999
Romania3 December 199730 November 20001 May 2001
Rwanda3 December 19978 June 20001 December 2000
Saint Kitts and Nevis3 December 19972 December 19981 June 1999
Saint Lucia3 December 199713 April 19991 October 1999
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines3 December 19971 August 20011 February 2002
Samoa3 December 199723 July 19981 March 1999
San Marino3 December 199718 April 19981 March 1999
Sao Tome and Principe30 April 199831 March 20031 September 2003
Senegal3 December 199724 September 19981 March 1999
Serbia18 September 20031 March 2004
Seychelles4 December 19972 June 20001 December 2000
Sierra Leone25 April 20011 October 2001
Slovakia3 December 199725 February 19991 August 1999
Slovenia3 December 199727 October 19981 April 1999
Solomon Islands4 December 199726 January 19991 July 1999
Somalia16 April 20121 October 2012
South Africa3 December 199726 June 19981 March 1999
South Sudan11 November 20119 July 2011
Spain3 December 199719 January 19991 July 1999
Sri Lanka13 December 20171 June 2018
Sudan4 December 199713 October 20031 April 2004
Suriname4 December 199723 May 20021 November 2002
Sweden4 December 199730 November 19981 May 1999
Switzerland3 December 199730 November 19981 March 1999
Tajikistan12 October 19991 April 2000
Tanzania, United Republic of3 December 199713 November 20001 May 2001
Thailand3 December 199727 November 19981 March 1999
Timor-Leste7 May 20031 November 2003
Togo4 December 19979 March 20001 September 2000
Trinidad and Tobago4 December 199727 April 19981 March 1999
Tunisia4 December 19979 July 19991 January 2000
Turkey25 September 20031 March 2004
Turkmenistan3 December 199719 January 19981 March 1999
Tuvalu13 September 201128 February 2012
Uganda3 December 199725 February 19991 August 1999
Ukraine24 February 199927 December 20051 June 2006
United Kingdom4 December 199731 July 19981 March 1999
Uruguay3 December 19977 June 20011 December 2001
Vanuatu4 December 199716 September 20051 March 2006
Venezuela3 December 199714 April 19991 October 1999
Yemen4 December 19971 September 19981 March 1999
Zambia12 December 199723 February 20011 January 2001
Zimbabwe3 December 199718 June 19981 March 1999

The Convention emphasizes that the States Parties will “work strenuously towards the promotion of its universalization in all relevant fora.” These efforts have paid off. The use of anti-personnel mines has decreased dramatically through adherence to the Convention and the widespread acceptance of its provisions by States not party. Production of anti-personnel mines has also decreased significantly: Of the 50 States that at one time produced anti-personnel mines, 34 are now bound by the Convention.

Publications and documents related to

To date there are

33

States that have not yet formally agreed to be bound by the Convention. Find below the list of these States and their expressed position vis-à-vis the Convention.

States not party
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
China
Cuba
Egypt
Federated States of Micronesia
Georgia
India
Iran
Israel
Kazakhstan
Korea, DPR
Kyrgyzstan
Lao PDR
Lebanon
Libya
Marshall Islands*
Mongolia
Morocco
Myanmar
Nepal
Pakistan
Republic of Korea
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
Singapore
Syrian Arab Republic
Tonga
United Arab Emirates
United States of America
Uzbekistan
Vietnam